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KARATE DICTIONARY

 

KIHON  WAZA

BASIC TECHNIQUES

Tsuki

Punch (thrust)

Uchi

Strike

Uke

Block

Geri

Kick

 

BUKI

 

WEAPONS

Ashi

Foot or Leg

Chusoku

Ball (middle) of the Foot

Haisho

Backhand

Haisoku

Instep of the Foot

Haito

Inner Knife Hand

Hiji

Elbow

Hiraken

Flat Fist

Hiza

Knee

Kakato

Heel

Keiko

Chicken Beak

Koken

Wrist Top

Kote

Forearm

Nakayubi Ippon Ken

Middle Finger Knuckle Fist

Nukite

Spear Hand

Oyayubi Ippon Ken

Thumb Knuckle Fist

Ryutoken

Dragon's Head Fist

Seiken

Forefist (correct fist)

Shotei

Palm Heel

Shuto

Knife Hand

Sokuto

Outside (knife) Edge of the Foot

Sune

Shin

Te

Hand

Teisoku

Arch of the Foot

Tetsui

Hammer Fist

Toho

Sword Peak Hand

Uraken

Backfist

 

NERAIDOKORO  KOGEKIHOKO

 

TARGETS & DIRECTIONS

 

Age

Rising

Ago

Chin or Jaw

Atama

Head

Chudan

Middle Level

Ganmen

Face

Gedan

Lower Level

Hana

Nose

Hara

Abdomen

Hidari

Left

Hizo

Spleen

Jodan

Upper Level

Johanshin

Upper Body

Kahanshin

Lower Body

Kake

Hooked

Kansetsu

Joint (of limb)

Kata

Shoulder

Kintama (Kin)

Groin, Testicles
(gold jewels)

Komekami

Temple

Kubi

Neck

Kuchi

Mouth

Mae

Front, Forward

Mawashi

Round, Circular

Me

Eye(s)

Migi

Right

Mimi

Ear(s)

Mizo-ochi

Solar Plexus

Momo

Thigh

Mune

Chest

Naname

Diagonal

Nodo

Throat

Oroshi

Descending

Rokkotsu

Rib(s)

Sakotsu

Collarbone

Sayu

Left and Right

Soto

Outside

Tobi

Jumping

Uchi

Inside

Ude

Arm

Ura

Reverse, Backwards

Ushiro

Back (direction)

Yoko

Side (direction)

 

DACHI

 

STANCES

Yoi Dachi

Ready Stance

Fudo Dachi

Immobile Stance

Zenkutsu Dachi

Forward Leaning Stance

Uchi Hachiji Dachi

Inside Character "8" Stance

Sanchin Dachi

Three Point Stance

Kokutsu Dachi

Back Leaning Stance

Musubi Dachi

Open Foot (connected) Stance

Kiba Dachi

Horseback Stance

Neko Ashi Dachi

Cat Stance

Tsuru Ashi Dachi

Crane Stance

Moro Ashi Dachi

One Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance

Heisoku Dachi

Closed Foot Stance

Heiko Dachi

Parallel Stance

Yonjugodo
Kiba Dachi

Forty-Five Degree
Horseback Stance

Kake Dachi

Hooked Stance

Soto Hachiji Dachi

Outside Character "8" Stance

Shiko Dachi

Sumo Stance

Kumite Dachi

Fighting Stance

Han Mi

Half Body Stance

Migi Ashi Mae

Right Foot Forward

Hidari Ashi Mae

Left Foot Forward

 

TSUKI  WAZA

 

PUNCHING TECHNIQUES

Seiken -

Forefist -

- Oi Tsuki

- Lunge Punch

- Morote Tsuki

- Two-Handed Punch

- Gyaku Tsuki

- Reverse Punch

- Tate Tsuki

- Vertical Punch

- Jun Tsuki

- Side (corresponding)
   Punch

Shita Tsuki

Lower Punch

 

UCHI  WAZA

 

STRIKING  TECHNIQUES

Seiken -

Forefist -

- Ago Uchi

- Chin / Jaw Strike

- Furi Ichi

- Hook Strike

Tetsui -

Hammer Fist -

- Oroshi Ganmen
   Uchi

- Descending Face
   Strike

- Komekami Uchi

- Temple Strike

- Hizo Uchi

- Spleen Strike

- Mae Yoko Uchi

- Forward Side Strike

- Yoko Uchi

- Side Strike

Uraken -

Backfist -

- Ganmen Uchi

- Face Strike

- Sayu Uchi

- Left and Right Strike

- Hizo Uchi

- Spleen Strike

- Oroshi Ganmen
   Uchi

- Descending Face
   Strike

- Mawashi Uchi

- Roundhouse Strike

Nihon Nukite

Two-Fingered Spear Hand

Yonhon Nukite

Four-Fingered Spear Hand

Shotei Uchi

Palm Heel Strike

Shuto -

Knife Hand -

- Sakotsu Uchi

- Collarbone Strike

- Yoko Ganmen Uchi

- Side Face Strike

- Sakotsu Uchikomi

- Collarbone Driving
   Strike

- Hizo Uchi

- Spleen Strike

- Uchi Uchi

- Inside Strike

Hiji Ate

Elbow Strike

Mae Hiji Ate

Forward Elbow Strike

Age Hiji Ate

Rising Elbow Strike

Ushiro Hiji Ate

Backwards Elbow Strike

Oroshi Hiji Ate

Descending Elbow Strike

 

UKE  WAZA

 

BLOCKING  TECHNIQUES

Jodan Uke

Upper Block

Gedan Barai

Lower Parry

Chudan Uchi Uke

Middle Area Inside Block

Chudan Soto Uke

Middle Area Outside Block

Morote Chudan Uchi Uke

Two-Handed Middle Area Inside Block

Chudan Uchi Uke Gedan Barai

Middle Area Inside Block with Lower Parry

Shuto Uke

Knife Hand Block

Juji Uke

Crossed Block

Kake Uke

Hooked Block

Shotei Uke

Palm Heel Block

Mawashi Uke

Circular Block

 

GERI  WAZA

 

KICKING  TECHNIQUES

Hiza Ganmen Geri

Knee Face Kick

Kin Geri

Groin Kick

Mae Geri

Front Kick

Mae Keage

Front Rising Kick

Soto Mawashi Geri

Outside Crescent Kick

Uchi Mawashi Geri

Inside Crescent Kick

Yoko Keage

Side Rising Kick

Mawashi Geri

Roundhouse Kick

Kansetsu Geri

Joint Kick

Yoko Geri

Side Kick

Ushiro Geri

Back Kick

Mae Kakato Geri

Front Heel Kick

Ago Geri

Chin / Jaw Kick

Tobi Mae Geri

Jumping Front Kick

Ashi Barai

Leg Sweep

 

KIHON  JUTSUGO

 

BASIC  TERMINOLOGY

Anza

Relaxed Sitting

Arigato
Gozaimasu

Thank You
(polite)

Budo

Martial Way

Bunkai

Application (analysis)

Dan

Grade (Black Belt)

Dojo

Training Hall (Way place)

Dojo Kun

Training Hall Oath

Dogi (Gi)

Karate Uniform (Way clothes)

Fumiashi

Step (with a change of feet)

Goshin Jutsu

Self-Defense Techniques

Gasshukoku

United States

Hajime

Begin

Hanshi

Honorable Master

Hikite

Pulling Hand

Ibuki

Forced Tension Breathing

Idogeiko

Moving Drills

Jisen Kumite

Full-Contact Fighting

Jiyu Kumite

Free Fighting

Kamaete

Take Ready Position

Kami no Kamae

Upper Body Posture

Karate

Empty Hand

Kata

Form

Ki

Inner Energy

Kiai

Explosive Scream

Kiai Irete

With Explosive Energy

Kihon

Basics

Kihon Waza

Basic Techniques

Kime

Focus

Kohai

Junior Student

Kokusai

International

Kosa

Switch (i.e. switch stance L to R or R to L)

Kotai

Switch (i.e. partners switch places in a drill)

Kumite

Fight

Kyokushin

Ultimate Truth

Kyu

Rank (below Black Belt)

Maai

Interval (between opponents)

Makiwara

Striking Post (straw wrapped)

Mawatte

Turn

Mokuso

Meditation (silent thought)

Mugorei

No Counting (no commands)

Mushin

Without Thought (no mind)

Naore

Return to Starting Position

Nogare

Calm, Controlled Breathing

Obi

Belt (sash)

Okuriashi

Shuffle Step (sending foot)

Onegaishimasu

Please (polite)

Osu

Determination (push and endure)

Otagai

Each Other

Rei (...ni Rei)

Bow (Bow to...)

Renmei

Federation

Renma

Polishing, Training

Renraku

Combinations

Seishin

Spirit

Seiza

Formal Kneeling (correct sitting)

Sempai

Senior (1st & 2nd Dan)

Sensei

Teacher (born before) (3rd & 4th Dan)

Shomen

Front (correct face) of the Dojo

Shihan

Expert (5th Dan & higher)

Sosai

President

Tameshiwari

Breaking Test

Tanden

Center of Body (below navel)

Waza

Technique(s)

Yame

Stop

Yasume

Rest, at Ease

Yoi

Ready

Yudansha

Black Belt Holder

Zanshin

Remain Alert (remaining mind)

 

TAIKAI  JUTSUGO

 

TOURNAMENT  TERMINOLOGY

Aka

Red

Awasete Ippon

Adds Up to One Point

Chui

Warning

Encho

Overtime Round (extension)

Fukushin

Corner Judge (assistant referee)

Fukushin Shugo

Referees' Conference

Genten

Penalty

Hantei

Decision

Hikiwake

Draw, Tie

Ippon

One Point

Kachi (...no Kachi)

Win (...the Winner)

Kiken

Forfeit

Senshuken Taikai

Championship Tournament

Shikaku

Disqualification

Shiro

White

Shushin

Referee

Waza Ari

Half Point (has a technique)

Zokko

Resume Fighting

 

KAZU

 

NUMBERS

Ichi

One

Ni

Two

San

Three

Shi, Yon

Four

Go

Five

Roku

Six

Shichi, Nana

Seven

Hachi

Eight

Ku

Nine

Ju

Ten

Sanju

Thirty

Yonjugo

Forty-Five

Hyaku

Hundred

Sen

Thousand

Man

Ten Thousand

 

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Last modified: December 14, 2005